Education and Training
Staff who supervise students will annually complete food allergy management training including but not limited to common triggers, recognition of symptoms, importance of allergen avoidance, cross contamination, and epinephrine auto injector use. All staff members are required to follow any 504 Plan or individualized healthcare plan (IHP)/emergency action plan (EAP) developed for a student by the district. Staff members who do not follow an existing 504 plan or IHP/EAP will be disciplined, and such discipline may include termination.
Age-appropriate education on allergies and allergic reactions will also be provided to students. Education will include potential causes, sign and symptoms of allergic reactions; information on avoiding allergens; and simple steps students can take to keep classmates safe.
Information about the individual students with allergies will be provided to all staff members and others who need to know the information to provide a safe learning environment for the student. Information about individual students with allergies will not be shared with students and others who do not have a legitimate educational interest in the information unless authorized by the parent/guardian or as otherwise permitted by law.
Individual Student Cases
An Individualized Health Plan (IHP), including an Emergency Action Plan (EAP), may be developed for students with allergies that do not rise to the level of a disability. A 504 Plan may be put in place if the food allergy rises to the level of a disability.
Upon notification of a life threatening food allergy the district will provide paperwork to complete for the parent and physician, preferably an allergist, including:
1.) Food Allergy Action Plan
2.) Food Allergy Reference Form
3.) Request for Medication To Be Given At School
4.) Authorization For Self Administration of Medication and Waiver and Indemnification Form Liability
5.) Medical Statement for Student Requiring Special Meals
Once the documentation and medications are returned to the school, the district will:
1) provide an individualized health care plan (IHP) and distribute it to all staff who supervise student;
2) distribute the student’s Food Allergy Action Plan to all staff who supervise student,
3) provide specific training for the staff who supervise the student which will include recognition of symptoms, importance of avoidance strategies, label reading and ingredients to avoid, cross contamination, discussion of the Food Allergy Action Plan and epi-pen use;
4) review appropriate cleaning techniques with food service, custodial and all teachers who allow food to be consumed within the student’s classroom;
5) consider and implement allergen control zones within the lunchroom if warranted; and
6) notify all staff within student’s building of the location of epi-pens.
Modification of Individual Student Cases
Potential modifications of individual student cases will be tailored to the severity of the student’s allergy, physician orders, the age of student and facility in which student attends. Possible modifications may include:
- Encouraging epinephrine to be carried on the student’s person as well as having an additional back up in the building
- Creating allergen control zone within classroom(s) in which the student is scheduled
- Notifying the presence of a food allergy to parents of all classmates
Educating peers through a classroom/grade level presentation
Restriction of foods within individual classrooms will be considered on a case by case basis.
The principals may designate one or more tables in the dining area as “peanut and tree nut-free” areas. Students who use these tables may not have any food or beverage that contains or may contain peanuts or tree nuts. No student will be required to sit at a designated table. Staff responsible for cleaning dining areas will clean such designated tables prior to each use according to U.S. Department of Agriculture recommendations using separate cleaning supplies.
Students being transported to and from activities on district transportation may be allowed to consume food and beverages if the staff member serving as sponsor has verified through the building nurse that none of the students being transported have documented life-threatening food allergies.
A student who has a medical need to consume food or beverages on district transportation must provide the building nurse with documentation from their physician.
Foods in School
No homemade treats or food items, for students, will be brought into the schools either by parents or staff, however, nothing prohibits an individual student from bringing items only to be consumed by that particular student, i.e., sack lunch. All foods provided to students during the school day, including but not limited to celebrations and ethnic cuisine days, must be commercially prepared and include a full ingredient list. Home prepared foods served to students are prohibited due to the possibility of food borne illness and the increasing incidence of food allergies. Classrooms with students who have life threatening allergies have more specific guidelines depending upon the type(s) of allergy. This provision does not apply to any foods prepared in connection with or as a part of the high school curriculum, e.g., Family and Consumer Science, Foods 1 and Foods 2.